The Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA) conducted a survey in January 2018
. The survey had 2,000 respondents. More than 70 percent of the respondents said that the ELDs increased fatigue, which was the opposite of what the ELDs were intended to do. Respondents cited being pushed to drive longer hours and at an increased rate led to increased fatigue. And, perhaps the biggest problem truckers attribute to ELDs is parking. More than 80 percent of respondents said finding parking is harder now than before the ELD mandate. Keep in mind the OOIDA is far from unbiased in this argument, as they are one of the groups that challenged the mandate in court. On the other side of the debate, proponents of ELD will point to the decrease in hours of service (HOS) violations as a sign that the ELD mandate is working. In June, the FMCSA reported
that HOS violations, as a percentage of inspections, were down 50 percent. Of course, the FMCSA also isn’t unbiased as it is the regulatory agency tasked with implementing and enforcing the rule. Another set of data to look at is how the ELD mandate has impacted transport times across shipping lanes. A February 2018 study conducted by Zipline Logistics
looked at lanes of 450 to 550 miles. It showed that transit times rose from 1.05 days to 1.22 days. That is a 16.2 percent increase following the ELD mandate going into effect on December 18. On shipments of 750 to 1,000 miles, transit times increased by 10 percent. What this study suggests is that truckers now have to follow the hours-of-service limits more strictly. This has added more time, which means increased cost. It also puts a greater focus on the driver shortage issue.