Drayage service isn’t a one-size-fits-all method. You’ll find a number of classifications of drayage services. Here are six types of drayage classifications
from Intermodal Association of North America (IANA):
- Drayage, Cross-Town or Inter-Carrier — A movement of an intermodal unit “across town” from one railroad to another for continuance of the move.
- Drayage, Door-to-door — Retail drayage involving over-the-road movement of a unit to a customer location.
- Drayage, Expedited — A movement of an intermodal unit over-the-road to get it there on time. This exceptional drayage usually involves time-sensitive freight.
- Drayage, IMX or Intra-Carrier — A movement of an intermodal unit from a carrier’s rail hub to the same carrier’s intermodal hub. IMX drayage extends the reach of an intermodal hub.
- Drayage, Pier — An over-the-road movement of an intermodal unit from a carrier’s rail hub to a port’s dock or pier.
- Drayage, Shuttle — A movement of an intermodal unit either loaded or empty from a hub to another parking lot because the railroad has run out of room at the hub.
The classification of service you select depends on your shipping needs. Shippers should determine which type of drayage service best serves the cargo for delivery to complete the next leg of the journey as it may be necessary for a freight container to transfer via drayage service multiple times during shipment.