When the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) introduced the ELD mandate in 2015, trucking industry professionals expressed considerable resistance and concern.
What is the ELD Mandate?
- Operate outside of a 150-air-mile radius of their place of business, or
- Operators are on the job for 14 hours or more, or
- Operators do not get 10 hours off-duty between shifts for carrying property, or
- Operators do not get 8 hours off-duty for carrying passengers.
What is the Impact on the Trucking Industry from the ELD Mandate 5 Years Later?
Since ELDs digitize location and driver status information in real-time, implementation created new opportunities in digital freight matching and dynamic routing. Digital freight matching allows shippers and carriers to match available loads with open capacity, using digital platforms or software. Digital freight matching utilizes machine learning and automation to streamline capacity procurement. It is a valuable tool for improving operational efficiency and minimizing excess deadhead miles.
Real-time ELD data also supports robust dynamic routing possibilities for fleets and shippers in the final mile. Dynamic routing utilizes visibility, actionability, and proactive exception management to route, reroute, and schedule according to changes in the delivery environment, cancellations, added stops, or other disruptions. It allows shippers to easily meet same-day and expedited requirements with minimal disruption to existing processes.
AutomationELDs eliminate the need for manual paper logs and aid in automating other operational processes. ELDs monitor individual driver hours to ensure HOS compliance, but the same data alerts teams to exceptions that may impact on-time delivery. Automation powered by ELD data can also be used to reroute drivers away from traffic delays, relay critical maintenance reminders, or alert fleet managers and logistics teams to unsafe driving practices like speeding or hard-braking.
Increased Visibility through TelematicsTelematics monitors vehicles and assets using GPS technology and onboard diagnostics to track vehicle movements. While large fleets often used telematics to track assets, the ELD mandate put telematic technology in CMVs across the nation. ELDs created an opportunity to improve real-time visibility across the truckload network. With ELD integrations, shippers and fleets get real-time visibility over shipments in transit to identify delivery risks, improve dock scheduling, and route drivers effectively.
Improved Sustainability Metrics
ELDs provide valuable data to improve two key sustainability metrics: fuel efficiency and empty miles. Fuel efficiency can be calculated through refuel and miles-driven data and can help identify poor fuel usage attributed to driver practices or vehicle maintenance. Addressing the root cause of this issue can improve fuel economy and reduce overall costs. Additionally, ELD location data helps decrease empty miles and carbon emissions through advanced freight matching and dynamic final mile routing.
Better Route Optimization
Route optimization refers to the shipping and logistical process of optimizing delivery services and methods to meet customer expectations, improve efficiency metrics, and minimize transportation costs. ELDs allow fleet managers to monitor vehicles throughout their route and make adjustments to account for cancellations, added stops, or unexpected disruptions. ELDs also create a wealth of historical data to improve route planning and driver productivity over time.
Make the Most of ELDs with Advanced TMS Technology
MercuryGate helps shippers and logistics teams make the most of ELDs with a customized, integrated TMS – linking systems and connecting valuable data for full visibility and insights to build a resilient transportation network. To learn more about MercuryGate’s solutions to automate and optimize critical logistics processes, download our eBook focused on real-time visibility.